A common issue in cluster environment is the split brain condition. A split brain occurs when some nodes of the cluster are not able to communicate properly, but instead continue to work like two separate, distinct clusters leading to data or service inconsistency. To prevent this situation a common solution is to introduce the concept of a quorum: only the portion of the cluster which includes half+1 of the nodes can continue to work, while the other portion ceases operating, thus avoiding inconsistencies.
A NetEye cluster requires at least three nodes in order to guarantee resiliency against outages and to avoid downtime during maintenance. In a three nodes installation, the quorum is set to 2 and therefore it is possible to lose one node while still guaranteeing data integrity and NetEye availability.
NetEye clusters involve three main technologies:
Customers often consider three-node installations too expensive for several reasons:
A voting-only node is a NetEye node which circumvents the limitations above. This type of node is a standard NetEye machine with several modifications aimed at reducing resource usage and therefore costs. As the name implies, the only purpose of a voting-only node is to provide a quorum for DRBD, PCS and Elasticsearch:
A voting-only node may run on a virtual machine with 4 vCPU, 8GB RAM and 60GB storage, thus reducing costs in comparison with a physical machine while maintaining cluster reliability.
Note that Elasticsearch as a voting-only master-eligible node is not available with the OSS license.